Heater maintains the temperature of the water accurately through resistance heating controlled thermostatically with a direct water-contact sensor. It creates a natural thermal convection current within the walls of the unit and the heat is radiated to ensure a constant, sustainable temperature within a safe therapeutic range of 75°-100°F wherever the patient lies. This combination of radiant heat and convection currents preclude the use of a pump, fan, or motor which may spark and ignite with the use of oxygen.
Uniform temperature is achieved without "hot spots" and "safe heat" is assured because the animal is surrounded by comforting warmth, just like a "hot water bottle", making those warmers a critical part of recovery for rodents, reptiles and other animals. Vents on the top of the heated or unheated covered units allow warm air to rise and escape with any carbon dioxide build up. It is the combination of therapeutic heat with respiratory therapy that creates a stand-alone ICU (Intensive Care Unit). Those ICUs allow a full latitude of respiratory therapeutic procedures, including administering oxygen, humidity and nebulization in combination with heat.
Ideal for rodents, those units can also be used for other species within this weight limit: 9-36 kg (small to medium size)